Quran & the Battle of Yamama
In the seventh century at the time of Muhammad (620 -632AD), the Arabian Peninsula, although abutted by three of the greatest civilizations at the time, Persian, Greek and Egyptian, its Arab nomads were among the least literate people. Only very few of Muhammad’s companions were able to write some of Muhammad’s ‘revelations’ as and when they were available.
At the very beginning of ‘Islam’, the Quran was mostly being memorized by Huffath (memorizers) and not yet compiled into a written form especially since as long as Muhammad was alive and receiving ‘revelations’ – over a very long period of 23 years – new Suras were being added while others were being revised, deleted and/or abrogated.
All verses in the Quran that speak of it as a Book are wrong and deceiving since the Quran was never in book form while Muhammad was alive.
These Huffath were numerous because whenever and wherever Muhammad allegedly received a revelation from Allah, whoever of his companions was available was informed of the verse which he therefore memorized. Hence not a single one of these men had knowledge of ALL the verses of Muhammad’s alleged ‘revelations’.
When Muhammad died, there existed no singular codex of the Quranic text, that is, there was not in existence any collection of ‘revelations’ in a Final Review form.
Again for emphasis, there was not a single memorizer who knew all the verses of the Quran; all these verses were scattered in the memories of hundreds of Huffath/ memorizers.
Without a doubt, Muhammad failed utterly in his primary mission of giving his followers a SINGLE Authorized Scripture because in reality he died without authenticating a unified codex of the Quran. The fact that he left his followers with SEVEN recitations, modes/versions of the Quran, speaks volumes about his failure.
Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 041, Number 601
Narrated by Umar bin Al Khattab: I heard Hisham bin Hakim bin Hizam reciting Surat-al-Furqan in a way different to that of mine. Allah’s Apostle had taught it to me (in a different way). So, I was about to quarrel with him (during the prayer) but I waited till he finished, then I tied his garment round his neck and seized him by it and brought him to Allah’s Apostle and said, “I have heard him reciting Surat-al-Furqan in a way different to the way you taught it to me.” The Prophet ordered me to release him and asked Hisham to recite it. When he recited it, Allah’s Apostle said, “It was revealed in this way.” He then asked me to recite it. When I recited it, he said, “It was revealed in this way. The Quran has been revealed in seven ahruf (versions), so recite it in the way that is easier for you.”
The differences were not simply about dialects since both Umar and Hisham belonged to the same Quraysh tribe and spoke the same dialect. There were seven different versions of the Quran, and according to Sunni Islam Muhammad endorsed them all.
The consequences of this failure became paramount when his followers were reciting different versions of the alleged ‘words of Allah’. This failure has endured- and continues – for the last 1400 years.
Therefore, all attempts by his present followers to gloss over this fact are doomed to fail since the records of the Muslim scholars in the centuries after his death attest to otherwise.
After the death of Muhammad many Arab tribes broke into revolt against the State of Medina because as far as they were concerned they submitted only to Muhammad and not to who followed him as the Caliph of Islam, Abu Bakr. Abu Baker would have none of this rebellion so he organized 11 corps to deals with these Apostates.
Musailima and most of his followers were massacred by the armies of Abu Bakr but at the same time, HUNDREDS of those men who had memorized (Huffath) different sections of the Quran also perished and with them many verses of the Quran.
As the memorizers (Huffath), were becoming extinct through slaughter in battle or otherwise, Umar ibn al Khattab (brother in law of Muhammad and the second Caliph of Islam), recommended that the Quran should be committed to writing. Abu Bakr entrusted the task to Zayd ibn Thabit of al Medina who used to be Muhammad’s secretary
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 6.509 Narrated by Zaid bin Thabit
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq sent for me when the people of Yamama had been killed (i.e., a number of the Prophet’s Companions who fought against Musailama). (I went to him) and found ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab sitting with him. Abu Bakr then said (to me), “Umar has come to me and said:
‘Casualties were heavy among the Qurra’ (memorizer) of the Qur’an (i.e. those who knew the Quran by heart) on the day of the Battle of Yamama, and I am afraid that more heavy casualties may take place among the Qurra’ on other battlefields, whereby a large part of the Qur’an may be lost. Therefore, I suggest you (Abu Bakr) order that the Qur’an be collected.”
So I started looking for the Qur’an and collecting it from (what was written on) palmed stalks, thin white stones and also from the men who knew it by heart, till I found the last Verse of Surat At-Tauba (Repentance) with Abi Khuzaima Al-Ansari, and I did not find it with anybody other than him.
All were brought together and a text was constructed”
If it were true that there were many ‘memorizers’ of the Quran, why then did they need to collect the Quranic verses from diverse and unrelated ‘documents’ such as leafstalk, bone, parchments as well as the memories of men?
From the above quotes, it is clear that the pagan Arabs had not by then mastered the art of writing or the use of writing materials such as clay, papyrus, metal sheets or even skins of animals. The Arabs of the Hijaz – contrary to all the efforts of Muslim propaganda machine – were mostly illiterate, uneducated uncivilized nomadic and semi nomadic people.
Abu Bakr and Umar knew that there were several scribes and writers of the text of the Quran, such as Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, Ubayy ibn Ka’b, Mu’adh ibn Jabal , Ali bin Abi Talib and others alongside Zaid ibn Thabit, who were authorities of equal if not more standing with him and who were qualified to produce authentic codices of the Quran in written form.
The manuscript compiled by Zaid, though highly prized as it was, nevertheless was not regarded with any greater authority than the others once these began to be put together and it was for this reason, therefore, that Zaid’s codex was not publicly imposed on the whole community as the officially sanctioned text of the Quran.
Zaid’s text was, in fact, virtually concealed after its compilation. Upon the death of Umar it passed into the private keeping of Hafsah, his daughter.
Far from being given official publicity, it was set aside and given no publicity at all.
By the time Uthman became the third caliph, although the other codices were gaining prominence in the various provinces, this codex had in fact receded into the private custody of Hafsa, Muhammad’s widow who simply kept it indefinitely in her personal care.
It may have been compiled under official supervision, but it was never regarded as the actual official and solely authentic text of the Quran. It had become just one of many codices of equal authority that had been put together at roughly the same time.
It is vital to point out to our readers that the compilations of the Quran was not under the supervision of Muhammad to give it authority and sanctity but done without his authority by his followers to mitigate against the very real chance that it would have otherwise been lost.
In other words and contrary to what Muhammad’s followers have us believe, there was no DIVINE GUIDANCE in its collection.
Hence to standardize the Quran into a singular codex, the third Khalifa, Uthman bin Affan, instructed Zaid bin Thabit to compile a second Revised Edition of the Quran.
In 651AD, Uthman bin Affan, canonized the Medina codex and ordered all SIX other versions of the Quran that were originally collected by the most intimate companions of Muhammad to be destroyed.
Thus, based entirely upon the Islamic records themselves, any self-respecting intelligent person must come to the conclusion that there were major discrepancies in the readings of the different texts that necessitated the draconian instruction to burn the alleged holy words of Allah.
The claims by the followers of Muhammad that the Quran that they have today is exactly the same as that revealed to Muhammad 1400 years ago, is a blatant lie as the Muhammadan Muslim records themselves clearly show.
For those who are new to our articles~
- Islam does not mean Peace but SUBMISSION
- Allah is most definitely NOT the same as the God of the Bible
- Islam is NOT a religion but a CULT; the Cult of Muhammad
- Muhammad was NOT a prophet but a charlatan and the murderous leader of the first Organized Crime Syndicate in history
- Jihad is NOT a spiritual struggle but Eternal & Mortal war against Infidels/ Kuffar/ Non Muslims
- Is Allah the Same as the God of the Bible?
- Lifting the Veil to View the Threat
The Quran that we have today is actually the product of almost 300 years of editing and altering and all the denials by Muhammad’s followers are desperate attempts to deceive the uninformed.