It is vitally important that none Muslim peoples realize the following: 99.99% of Unbelievers as well as Muslims, have no idea or have never heard of or read the Charter of Umar. Therefore let me enlighten them~
After the rapid expansion of the Arabs under the banner of Islam and starting the domination of one of the largest, bloodiest, most retrograde and longest enduring Imperialist Empire in history stating c635 AD the Arab conquerors were required to work out a way of dealing with Non-Muslims, who remained in the majority in many areas for centuries.
Their solution was to develop the notion of the “dhimma“, or “protected person“. The Dhimmis were required to pay an extra very onerous tax called Jizyah for not converting to Islam – paid with humiliation and degradation – so as to remain unmolested until such time as a distraction was needed for the populace.
The Pact of Umar is supposed to have been the peace accord offered by the Caliph Umar to the Christians of Syria, a “pact” which formed the pattern of later interaction unto the present day as acted upon by ISIS and other Muslim terror groups.
Historians are NOT unanimous as to which Umar this Charter / Pact or Covenant is actually attributed, whether Umar ibn al Khattab, the second Khalifa or the Ummayad Umar the II.
In the final analysis, it is irrelevant to whom it should be attributed since the Conquering Muslim Arabs implemented it and have been doing so for the last 1400 years and continue to do so in the 21st century in most Muslim states.
The following is from Al-Turtushi, Siraj al-Muluk, pp. 229-230.
We heard from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Ghanam [died 78/697] as follows:
When Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, accorded a peace to the Christians of Syria, we wrote to him as follows:
In the name of Allah, the Merciful and Compassionate. This is a letter to the servant of Allah Umar [ibn al-Khattab], Commander of the Faithful, from the Christians of such-and-such a city.
When you came against us, we asked you for safe-conduct (aman) for ourselves, our descendants, our property, and the people of our community, and we undertook the following obligations toward you:
We shall not build, in our cities or in their neighborhood, new monasteries, Churches, convents, or monks’ cells, nor shall we repair, by day or by night, such of them as fall in ruins or are situated in the quarters of the Muslims.
We shall keep our gates wide open for passersby and travelers.
We shall give board and lodging to all Muslims who pass our way for three days.
We shall not give shelter in our churches or in our dwellings to any spy, nor bide him from the Muslims.
We shall not teach the Qur’an to our children.
We shall not manifest our religion publicly nor convert anyone to it.
We shall not prevent any of our kin from entering Islam if they wish it.
We shall show respect toward the Muslims, and we shall rise from our seats when they wish to sit.
We shall not seek to resemble the Muslims by imitating any of their garments, the turban, footwear, or the parting of the hair.
We shall not speak as they do, nor shall we adopt their kunyas.
We shall not mount on saddles, nor shall we gird swords nor bear any kind of arms nor carry them on our- persons.
We shall not engrave Arabic inscriptions on our seals.
We shall not sell fermented drinks.
We shall clip the fronts of our heads.
We shall always dress in the same way wherever we may be, and we shall bind the zunar (bell) round our waists
We shall not display our crosses or our books in the roads or markets of the Muslims.
We shall use only clappers in our churches very softly. We shall not raise our voices when following our dead.
We shall not show lights on any of the roads of the Muslims or in their markets.
We shall not bury our dead near the Muslims.
We shall not take slaves who have been allotted to Muslims.
We shall not build houses overtopping the houses of the Muslims.
(When I brought the letter to Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, he added, “We shall not strike a Muslim.”)
We accept these conditions for ourselves and for the people of our community, and in return we receive safe-conduct.
If we in any way violate these undertakings for which we ourselves stand surety, we forfeit our covenant [dhimma], and we become liable to the penalties for contumacy and sedition.
Umar ibn al-Khittab replied: Sign what they ask, but add two clauses and impose them in addition to those which they have undertaken. They are: “They shall not buy anyone made prisoner by the Muslims,” and “Whoever strikes a Muslim with deliberate intent shall forfeit the protection of this pact.”
It is imperative that our readers comprehend the following:
1 – The Muslim Arabs were imposing degrading and discriminatory rules on the conquered peoples in their OWN homeland by the AGGRESSORS.
2 – The conquering Arabs were protecting the natives from WHOM?
3 – Every condition above represents utter CONTEMPT for the religious beliefs and feelings of the subjugated peoples, for their culture, their heritage and their dignity.
4 – Although generally they were unmolested, it did not stop the leaders to have them mass slaughtered whenever they needed to distract the street Muslims in times of stress. (Take genocide of 1.5 million Armenian by the Turks as one example)
5 – While the Muslims in the majority of their countries continue to implement many of the above against all unbelievers, they, with obscene degrees of hypocrisy, duplicity, ingratitude and mendacity demand all human rights in our democracies and at the same time, disloyally intend to bring down the institutions of the host countries to their abysmal level of intolerance, ignorance and stupidity.
6 – Muslims falsely and deliberately deceive a mostly Quran ignorant world with two of the most egregious lies that have ever been insinuated into the human consciousness: that Islam is a Peaceful Abrahamic Religion.
I would like to leave any further conclusions or comments to our readers regarding the mercy and compassion of Muslims vis a vis the People of the Book.
I.Q. al Rassooli is among the foremost authorities in the world on the subjects of Islam. Iraqi exile, Arabic speaker, scholar and author. Eager to debate any Imam or Infidel and ready to answer any question. Asserts that The Koran is not a Holy Book; it is a roadmap to total war with western civilization. Author of Lifting the Veil – his monumental trilogy of “Lifting the Veil: The True Faces of Muhammad & Islam” should be a must read for those who really want to know the facts. His monumental trilogy of Lifting the Veil: The True Faces of Muhammad and Islam Volumes 1, 2 and 3